Apr 9, 2016

CNN does the best job on summarizing Pope Francis' document regarding divorced catholics and gay Catholics

The CNN article is better than the USA Today article.



The NY times article is cursory but sufficient.


One would have to read the actual document and not summaries and opinions, make up their own mind.

There will be a difference of opinion, even among Catholics. This step may not be ideal, but in tone, it is an important step.

Brian Swan arrested in Humboldt Hill for alleged attempted homicide

On Friday, April 8th, 2016, the Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office received a call for service on the 6000 block of Aspen Way, in the Humboldt Hill area of Eureka, Ca.  The caller reported that a male subject had been shot inside the residence.  It was further reported the shooter was still on scene.

Deputies arrived on scene moments later and established a perimeter around the residence.  Deputies attempted to call the suspect out of the residence numerous times.  However, the suspect did not immediately comply with orders to come out.  Deputies continued their efforts, and eventually the suspect exited the residence and was taken into custody.  The suspect was identified as 34 year old, Brian Swan, of Eureka, Ca.

Deputies secured the scene and located a single gunshot victim in the residence.  Medical personnel were staged and brought in immediately after the scene was secured.

The victim was taken to the hospital for medical treatment, and is in critical condition.

The suspect was taken to the Humboldt County Correctional Facility and booked for attempted homicide.

This case is currently being investigated by Humboldt County Sheriff’s Detectives.

Apr 8, 2016

Humboldt County can attract more jurors for duty with this training video from South Park creators

Instead of the current jury instructional video, Humboldt County should have Trey Parker and Matt Stone create a video with Cartman as the jury foreperson.

As a definition of reasonable doubt, defense attorneys should play The Chewbaca defense.


It would certainly have more people show up for jury duty and prepare jurors for the Humboldt County experience.

A 7 year old's note to a police officer trumps many adults' misbehavior


HUMCPR can certainly afford their own attorney fees; not to mention suing the County when HUMCPR members are on the Planning Commission

HUMCPR can certainly afford to pay their own attorney fees, especially since none of the profits or money benefit anyone else other than landowners.

This is not the first time HUMCPR has sued the County. If they are going to waste County resources on lawsuits that only benefit certain greedy landowners that do not invest any of that money back into the community via jobs or donations for law enforcement, fire, road services for their large parcels of land , then they need to quit speaking for the public and siphoning taxpayers.

Also,it is a blatant conflict of interest for anyone associated with HUMCPR to sit on the Planning Commission or any entity that they have a vested interest in.

If citizens are going to call Greg Dale out for "conflict of interest", then it should be the same standard for others.

I don't have a problem with all HUMCPR members, just those who think they are entitled to prosperity at the cost of others.

Not all rich people, not all developers,not all politicians, not all growers, not (fill in the blank) are the same; just those individuals using power to supress the success of others. We have those on the left and we have those on the right.


"There are two lawyers but only one opens their mouth." No duplicate fees!

This morning, a hearing was scheduled in Courtroom 2 to see if Humboldt Coalition for Property Rights can get attorney fees from the County.

Judge Marilyn Miles told Mr. Timothy Needham and Mr. William Barnum, who represent HUMCPR, that while petitioner is entitled to fees, she could not come up with an amount because "what are reasonable fees?"

"You are entitled to fees," said Judge Miles. "My concern is about the amount of fees."

Judge Marilyn Miles told Mr. Needham and Mr. Barnum that under case management conferences, she needed more specifics. She pointed out for example, Mr. Jeffrey Slack appeared once, on behalf of Mr. Needham, just set a court date. "There are only two lawyers but only one opens their mouth," said Judge Miles. "When someone else is paying the fees,", she said attorneys are not allowed to charge duplicate fees and if she did not have specifics, how would she know what amounts they were entitled to?

The burden of proving fees is on the petitioners said Judge Miles.

Mr. Derek Cole is representing the County of Humboldt. "I feel the lawyers are fine people, they are ethical," he said. However he agreed with the Court that more than general statements needed to be presented for fees.

"The County's position is more different than mine, " said Mr. Cole. "The case started out as shaded parcels and their impact on the people. Then, we went into this innocent purchaser phase where owners parcels were given time to make the parcels legal."

"We spent considerable amount of time on this innocent purchaser issue which was not a part of the original pleading," said Mr. Cole.

The County had stopped the shaded parcels, said they would make that permanent, offered a settlement, which was refused by HUMCPR, then we spent a year discussing the innocent purchaser issue."

Mr. Cole said that the case management fees being sought could be settlement related. "We weren't able to settle because the petitioners did not settle."

He said that if any settlement related fees and fees related to the innocent purchaser issue be subtracted , the amount sought for fees would be reasonable.

The hearing has been continued. No final decision has been made. No other media was in court.

Eureka Police Department allocated $3,000 to assist local animal groups with the animals affected by Palco Marsh move

From EPD's Facebook page:

The Eureka Police Department has allocated $3,000 to help out the local animal groups assisting with the animals affected by the marsh move.  We will work with the Humboldt Spay and Neuter Network, Redwood Pals Rescue, the Humboldt Animal Rescue Team, Buddy and Angel's, Sequoia Humane Society, and the Other Side of the Fence.
Today our new Animal Control Officer, Celeste Villarreal, went out to the service fair and met many of the dogs and their owners.  She made some great contacts and cleared up some confusion about what will happen to animals after May 2nd.
Any other animal groups interested in participating can email Celeste at cvillarreal@ci.eureka.ca.gov

"Can you tell me why this case has not been covered anywhere else?"

In the last year, I have received many emails and phone calls from victims,community members and reporters, usually from the Bay area.

I have readers regionally and nationally and media that contact me for information on cases.

I was the only one to cover the Randy Cook case for months, the only one who is covering the Kailan Meserve case.

Since the coverage on the Timothy Littlefield case started getting coverage again in the last two years, it finally got coverage in the local media recently.

I broke the David Anderson case on human sex trafficking, wrote about a local group for survivors. The Times Standard was contacted by a survivor which resulted in one article.

Kayla Brown, the former Miss Hoopa, was another case I broke. Lost Coast Outpost is the only other media outlet to do any follow up.

Mad River Union has done a great job of covering trials of interest in the local area.

It's not about resources, its about the  the media management not having vision to know what the public desires. They should allow reporters more input on what to cover. I am happy finally to see more court coverage.

However, I don't expect the rest of the media to focus on the courts because they provide a valuable service by covering all news, some do a better job of local news. I can read AP articles and national news anywhere.

I suggested to the rest of the media outlets that someone should focus on environmental news.

When someone like me has a niche, the rest of the media is correct to focus on other news. I only wish the media management would see the value of collaborating with someone like me to keep the public informed on cases of interest. It would also help out their coverage.

I like my independence. I don't answer to anyone and it allows me to cover cases that others maybe afraid to. Let's face it, it is a small community. Media needs advertising to exist.

I have been approached to expand but I will not do it unless I have my independence. The financial incentive is not worth sacrificing my integrity.

The featured attorneys and businesses on this site are people who give me the freedom to write what I want. Please support them.

I am not intimidated and I cover what I am passionate about, particularly cases involving women and children.

Covering courts is my passion and I know enough about the law and the court system to do original reporting. I don't need to talk to the lawyers, although it is helpful when you can.

Media, locally and nationally, has lost its independence due to finances. I would encourage the public to support media outlets, not just mine, that bring you information and news that provides you, the public, crucial information to make up your own mind.

KHSU and KHUM are two of my favorite news sources.

We have excellent local reporters in this town in all media outlets. The management in this town is lucky. Competition is good but if each media outlet focused on a niche, imagine the benefit to the community. Everyone would not be competing for the same small group of advertisers.

We have art, environment, politics, finances, the cannabis industry. Lot more to cover than just the courts.

Ribbon cutting at 3 p.m. today for the Carson Block Building, 3rd and F streets

The Carson Block Building, located at Third and F streets in Eureka is having a ribbon cutting today at 3 p.m.

This article from the Times-Standard has photos and information about the project and renovation:


California State University and California Faculty Association reach tentative agreement of a proposed 10.5 percent increase over three years

Today the California State University announced it has reached a tentative agreement with the California Faculty Association (CFA), resolving a year-long dispute over faculty salaries and averting planned strike activity next week by the CFA. Under the tentative agreement, which must be approved by the CFA Board of Directors, ratified by CFA members and approved by the CSU Board of Trustees, all faculty unit employees will receive 10.5 percent in general salary increases over a three-year period (fiscal years 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18). If the tentative agreement is approved and ratified, faculty unit employees will receive a 5 percent general salary increase on June 30, 2016, a 2 percent general salary increase on July 1, 2016, and a 3.5 percent general salary increase on July 1, 2017. The agreement also includes a 2.65 percent service salary increase for all eligible faculty unit employees in fiscal year 2017-18.

The agreement also doubles the vesting period from 5 to 10 years for retiree health benefits for new employees hired after July 1, 2017, and extends the collective bargaining agreement until June 30, 2018.

In addition, the tentative agreement bolsters the salaries for tenure-track faculty promoted into a higher rank. Under the proposed agreement, those granted promotions would receive a minimum 9 percent salary increase vs. the current minimum 7.5 percent.

“The tentative agreement enables all of us to focus our efforts on serving students and spares students the negative impacts of the threatened strikes,” stated CSU Chancellor Timothy P. White. “The tentative agreement is consistent with our ongoing efforts to increase faculty compensation in a fiscally responsible manner by spreading the cost impact across multiple academic years, while enabling us to fund other priorities that support student success and completion.”

University and faculty leadership have agreed to work together to advocate for additional state funding. “The CSU is the backbone of the economy and delivers half of the bachelor’s degrees awarded in the state. To fulfill and expand our mission, we need a fully funded budget for 2017-18 and beyond that enables us to recruit and retain top academic talent so we can continue to provide California with high quality graduates,” White added.

Jared Boyce plead out in cold case from 2007

Jared Boyce plead out in a deal with 11 years in prison. Visiting Judge Arvid Johnson accepted the plea on April 1, 2016. Deputy District Attorney Jackie Pizzo was present for the People. Mr. Michael Robinson represents Boyce.

Preliminary hearing set next year for Jared Boyce charged in the cold case of Stephanie Fowler's death

Jared Boyce's preliminary hearing is set for February 29 at 8:30 p.m. Intervention is on February 17 at 3 p.m. in Courtroom 5.

Mr. Michael Robinson is representing Boyce. Deputy District Attorney David Christensen is prosecuting the case.

Oct 22, 2015

Jared Boyce charged with the murder of his mother in law in cold case from 2007 retains private attorney, defense expects case to proceed next year

On October 15, Jared Boyce was arraigned for the murder of Stephanie Fowler. Private attorney Michael Robinson made a special appearance on October 15. Visiting Judge David Flinn subbed in for Judge Joyce Hinrichs.

Jared Boyce is charged with a felony, only one Count, murder, 187 (a). The complaint alleges that in April 2007, Jared Damian Boyce "who did unlawfully and with malice aforethought murder Stephanie Lee Fowler, a human being."

Today,  Boyce's arraignment was continued and completed. Mr. Robinson confirmed that he had been retained as counsel. Deputy District Attorney David Christiansen is prosecuting the case.

Boyce entered a plea of not guilty. Entered a time waiver for both the 10 and 60 day requirement. " We are waiving bail without prejudice at this time," Mr. Robinson told Judge Hinrichs this afternoon.

Mr. Robinson also made a formal discovery request in court. He had sent a letter to Mr. Christiansen.

Mr. Robinson told Judge Hinrichs that the case stemmed from a "missing person report in 2007, the body was recovered in 2009, an arrest just last week, I anticipate the records are probably lengthy and voluminous."

Mr. Robinson asked for a date to be set for a review of status of discovery, Mr. Christiansen concurred. Judge Hinrichs said that she was not going to set a date for review of discovery, that is something that should be happening informally, but that a date for setting for preliminary hearing would be scheduled. If there were still discovery issues, Mr. Robinson could file a formal motion.

Mr. Robinson said that "I am anticipating this matter to proceed after the first of the year."

Next court date for setting of preliminary hearing is on November 16 at 2 p.m. in Courtroom 5.

Oct 13, 2015

Arrest made for the murder of Stephanie Fowler

At approximately 9:00 a.m. on today’s date, Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office Investigators arrested Jared Damien Boyce, 27, of Fortuna, for the murder of Stephanie Lee Fowler. 

Stephanie was reported as a missing person on May 26, 2007 from the Loleta area.  She was last seen on April 20, 2007 at a cigarette shop in Loleta.  Stephanie had a history for disappearing for several days at a time but it was unusual for her to be gone for this length of time. 

On August 30, 2009, skeletal human remains were discovered in an uninhabited structure on Old Indianola Rd in Loleta.  Forensic testing was completed and determined the remains belonged to Stephanie Lee Fowler.  At this time the manner of death is not being disclosed.

After a lengthy investigation, Humboldt County Sheriff’s Office Investigators determined Jared Damien Boyce, son-in-law to the decedent, was responsible for Stephanie Lee Fowler’s murder.  A Ramey warrant was issued for Boyce.  On today’s date, investigators observed Boyce leaving his place of employment in Eureka.  A traffic stop was conducted on Boyce and he was taken into custody without incident.  Boyce was transported to the Humboldt County Correctional Facility where he was book for PC187 – Murder.  His bail is set at $1,000,000.

HUMCPR entitled to fees, question is how much?

This morning, a hearing was scheduled in Courtroom 2 to see if Humboldt Coalition for Property Rights can get attorney fees from the County.

Judge Marilyn Miles told Mr. Timothy Needham and Mr. William Barnum, who represent HUMCPR, that while petitioner is entitled to fees, she could not come up with an amount because "what are reasonable fees?"

Judge Marilyn Miles told Mr. Needham and Mr. Barnum that under case management conferences, she needed more specifics. She pointed out for example, Mr. Jeffrey Slack appeared once, on behalf of Mr. Needham, just set a court date. "There are only two lawyers but only one opens their mouth," said Judge Miles. "When someone else is paying the fees,", she said attorneys are not allowed to charge duplicate fees and if she did not have specifics, how would she know what amounts they were entitled to?

That is the gist of the arguments happening in court this morning.

Mr. Derek Cole is representing the County of Humboldt.

The hearing has been continued. No final decision has been made.

One juror missing so jury deliberations in Bullock have been postponed until Monday

One juror missing this morning for jury deliberations in Gary Bullock case.

Attorneys are in the Courtroom, which is closed with Judge John Feeney.

A juror went home sick yesterday, and is still out sick today.

Deliberations expected to resume Monday morning.

Randy Cook paid funds in civil lawsuit and case against him will be dismissed

Veronica Cook, mother of Randall's Cook granddaughter, who sued Randall and Suzanne Cook, after Randall Cook plead guilty to the lesser crime of child endangerment.

Patrik Griego represents Veronica Cook. This morning he told Judge Miles that funds had been received and defense will be dismissing the case.

Ryan Plotz was in court for the Cooks.

Previous post (with links on all previous coverage)


Apr 7, 2016

Humboldt Dispatcher Appreciation Night, EPD you are my favorites

Humboldt County Dispatcher Appreciation Night.

 Photo by Captain Steve Watson.

EPD dispatchers are my favorite.

Media takeover second floor of the Courthouse : Ryan, Paul, Sierra, Zach, Chiv with cameo by Goff

This is the first time I have seen members of the media together in one place, all day at the Courthouse

Ryan Burns from LOCO, Paul Mann from Mad River Union, several staff, but lately Zach Lathouris, from North Coast News, Sierra Jenkins from KIEM and myself have been enjoying each other's company for the Bullock trial and jury deliberations.

Andrew Goff made a cameo appearance one day. With two LOCO reporters at the Courthouse, there was more excitement than a celebrity sighting.

Despite no coffee for hours and no lunch for some of us, we have survived day 3 of jury deliberations and no verdict and still like each other.

The criminals of Humboldt have been very considerate making this week a relatively slow news week so that we can all bring you the verdict in the Bullock case.

We take periodic breaks by ignoring each other and working on our cell phones or laptops so that the camaraderie lasts into the future.

Day 3, three questions,and still no decision in Bullock case

At 3:52, attorneys went in and came out right now. After the third question today, no decision. Jury left right now, early again.

Usually, the jury has been in good spirits,talking with each other. Today, you can sense some awkwardness, as they see media standing around all day and aware Fr. Freed's family is waiting. Since the afternoon, the jury has been in a more somber mood.

Kade Chandler's personal appearance waived for court hearing yesterday, "due to clerical error, it was not filed"

Kade Chandler's attorney, Mr. Benjamin Okin, shed some light on why Chandler was not in court yesterday.

"Kade's personal appearance was excused pursuant to a PC 977 filing and, having executed that document, he was instructed not to appear.  Due to a clerical error it was not filed and in the court's file. "

Yet another question, no verdict in Bullock case

At 2:40, the Bullock jury sent a note to the Judge. After meeting with attorneys in chambers, at 2:20, Judge Feeney sent a reply back to the jury.

$100,000 bench warrant held for Kade Chandler who failed to show up for court,

Kade Chandler failed to show up for court yesterday for his intervention hearing. A $100,000 bench warrant was issued but held. Chandler has a preliminary hearing scheduled for April 18.

Feb 22, 2016

Kade Chandler arraigned for last year's Hwy 36 accident which resulted in the death of two women and injury to a third male

This afternoon Kade Chandler was finally arraigned this afternoon in Courtroom 5.

The original incident occurred in February 2015.  Chandler was 20 years old at that time.

Chandler is charged with Count 1 gross vehicular manslaughter, Count 2 gross vehicular manslaughter while intoxicated and special allegation of great bodily injury.

Deputy District Attorney Roger Rees is prosecuting the case.

Courtroom 5 was packed with family and friends of the three victims and their lawyers.

Ms. Elan Firpo represents the third victim in the accident, Bradley Thuemler. Mr. Patrik Griego represents the families of the two women, Savannah Kiana Kindred and Kendra Paige Leialoha Lewis. who died in the crash. His colleague David Nims was in court today for the arraignment.
The two women were members of the Blue Lake Rancheria Tribe.

Private attorneys Mr. Benjamin Okin represents Chandler. Mr. Manny Daskal was also in court on behalf of Chandler and requested discovery.

Pleas of not guilty to all charges and special allegations were entered by Mr. Okin on Chandler's behalf. Chandler stood quietly next to Mr. Okin in court. He was dressed in jeans and a striped shirt.

There was discussion about his custody status because Chandler appeared out of custody and people wanted remand this afternoon. DDA Roger Rees also explained why it took so long to arraign Chandler.

"The People are asking the Court to remand Mr. Chandler and to set bail according to schedule," said Mr. Rees.  He said Chandler failed to negotiate a turn and was intoxicated with a combination of cocaine, opiates, marijana and alcohol. "As a result two people lost their lives." One of the women was 20 years old and the other barely over 20 years old, said Mr. Rees.

"Mr. Chandler's conduct puts entire community at risk," said Mr. Rees. " The reason Mr. Chandler is here today instead of an arrest warrant is because the People have kept in touch with Mr. Okin. As a courtesy to him and his attorney, we allowed him to appear out of custody."

Mr. Rees said that the reason arraignment took so long was that before charges could be filed, "significant investigation was done" which included investigation by the California Highway Patrol's Multi-Disciplinary team, DNA analysis and because the individuals were not wearing seatbelts, seating positions had to be determined. The report took a long time.

Judge Hinrichs acknowledged that while there were public safety issues, an arrest warrant contained declarations under penalty of jury and provided information to the Court which would be helpful to make a decision on custody status.

Mr. Okin asked for OR with terms and conditions and said this was a year later and his client was not a flight risk.

"The People were put in a position to charge prematurely than dismiss; the People took the time to gather evidence," said Mr. Rees. "The community should not be punished."

Chandler remains out of custody for now. Judge Hinrichs allowed him to leave "on OR today" with terms and conditions of no alcohol, that he could be subject to chemical testing and search and seizure without an arrest warrant and if he was insured with a valid license, he could only drive to work between the hours of 6 a.m. and 5 p.m. She referred Chandler for a supervised release report from probation.

His custody status will be addressed on February 24 at 2 p.m. Intervention is currently set for February 29 at 3 p.m. and Preliminary hearing is set for March 3 at 8:30 p.m.

Press Release:

On June 9, 2015 the law offices of Zwerdling, Bragg, Mainzer & Firpo filed a personal injury lawsuit in Humboldt County Superior Court on behalf of Bradley Thuemler. 
The suit alleges that on February 21, 2015, Kade Chandler lost control of his vehicle and crashed on State Route 36 while driving under the influence of alcohol. Zwerdling, Bragg, Mainzer & Firpo represent Bradley Thuemler, a passenger who was seriously injured in the incident. The incident also resulted in the death of two female passengers, Savannah Kiana Kindred and Kendra Paige Leialoha Lewis.
Bradley Thuemler seeks compensatory and punitive damages from Kade Chandler.

CHP press release:
On February 21, 2015, at approximately 10:45 p.m., Kade Chandler, was driving his 2005 Toyota Tundra eastbound on SR-36, east of Swimmers Delight.  Due to Chandler’s level of drug/alcohol impairment and traveling at an unsafe speed, Chandler failed to negotiate a curve in the roadway and allowed his vehicle to run off the north road edge and where it collided with a large redwood tree before overturning down an embankment. 
As a result of the collision, Chandler and passenger Savannah Kindred were ejected from the vehicle and sustained major injuries.  An additional unrestrained female passenger (name withheld pending notification) succumbed to her injuries at the scene. Passenger Bradly Thuemler, who was restrained at the time of the collision, suffered moderate injuries.    Chandler and Kindred were transported to Redwood Memorial Hospital.  Kindred was transferred via air ambulance to Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital.  Thuemler was transported to St Joseph Hospital.
Chandler was subsequently arrested for felony DUI and vehicular manslaughter.  He was released to Redwood Memorial Hospital for treatment of his injuries. 
Emergency personnel from the Carlotta Volunteer Fire Department, Bridgeville Volunteer Fire Department, City Ambulance, Humboldt County Coroner’s Office, and the California Highway Patrol responded to the scene. 

Yet another question by Bullock jury on day 3

Attorneys and DA Investigators just went into Courtroom 1.

Apr 6, 2016

Jane Doe # 2 takes the stand in the Kailan Meserve jury trial today

Jane Doe # 2 took the stand in the Kailan Meserve case today.  The details of what she went through are in the links to the preliminary hearing.

In this post, I am highlighting key aspects of direct and cross examination.

Jane Doe # 2 told Deputy District Attorney Brie Bennett that she did not have any cuts or bruises but she "felt sore for 5 to 7 days."

She answered defense attorney Mr. Russ Clanton's questions calmly. He was not able to impeach her testimony, she was specific and credible in her answers.

 She also corrected Mr. Clanton on some claims in his opening statement. She said she did not borrow Kailan Meserve's jacket. "He offered it to Ashley, she said no". It was a cold night, later, "he offered it to me. His wife came over and saw I was wearing his jacket."

Jane Doe #2 said when she woke up after the alleged sexual assault, to her knowledge, she was alone in the house. When she went out to leave, she was crying, Ashley Growling was outside. Jane Doe #2 said to Growling, "I gotta,go."

Mr. Clanton asked Jane Doe #2, "Do you recall telling Ms. Baxley, Mr. Meserve never threatened you?"

Jane Doe #2 responded, "Yeah."

No decision on second day in Bullock trial, jury leaves at 4

Second day, no decision. Alternate juror #2 was excused today.

Around 1 :45, the twelve jurors and three alternates in an open courtroom viewed a clip. Due to technical reasons, the clip either got deleted or messed up when it was played during the trial.

This missing clip covering 2:14 a.m. to 2:18 a.m. showed Gary Bullock walking on the pathway between the office and part of the church, then he walks in the area in front of the garage and looks up and then he goes into one of the bathrooms.

DA Investigator Martin Perrone made a CD of that clip from the source material, the actual hard drive from the church.

After watching the clip to make sure that the CD they had in the jury room was the same, one of the jurors submitted a question, which Judge John Feeney asked DA Investigator Perrone.

"Are there any other videos between 2:15 and 2:18 a.m. that were not entered into evidence?"

“I hope not,” Mr. Perrone responded, eliciting laughter throughout the courtroom.

The jury left around 4 :15 today, still no verdict.

Timothy Littlefield sentenced to 10 years for Counts 2 and 3 and a total of indeterminate 155 years to life, defense will appeal

Finally sentencing occurred this afternoon in the Timothy Littlefield Jr. case. After reviewing the probation report and Littlefield's attorney Mr. Russ Clanton's request for the court to postpone sentencing and the People's response to that, Judge John Feeney denied to postpone sentencing for Timothy Littlefield.

Five members from the local chapter of Bikers Against Abuse, a representative from the North Coast Rape Crisis Center, Victim Witness Advocate Marybeth Bian were in court on behalf of Jane Doe, her mother and mother's family.

No one from Littlefield's family was in court today.

A case that was trailing this case was dismissed by the People today, consistent with the victim's wishes. The misdemeanor charges in that case were Corporal injury on a spouse/cohabitant

Timothy Littlefield was sentenced to a "determinate term" of 10 years to life total for Counts 2 and 3 and an  "indeterminate term" of 155 years to life for the remaining counts. There are 11 counts in total.

Count 2 sexual penetration by a foreign object, Littlefield got upper term of 8 years; Count 3 Lewd or Lascivious Act with a Child under age 14 he got the mid term of two years; Count 1 Sexual intercourse/sodomy with a child under 10  he got a consecutive 25 years to life; Counts 4 to 9 Oral copulation with a minor he got 15 years to life for each count; Count 10 Sodomy/Sexual intercourse with a child under 10 he got 25 years to life; Count 11 was Oral copulation with a child and he got 15 years to life.

"Should parole be granted," said Judge Feeney, "it will be for life."

Littlefield is "statutorily ineligible" for probation.

The defense said they would appeal immediately. Littlefield read a statement that Mr. Clanton said he was in agreement with,  "I endorse his statements as if they were my own.

Timothy Littlefield said "I once had faith in this system," is how it started out, "Now for whatever reason, 1 person, not twelve jurors...this is ridiculous...I will forever maintain my innocence and I vow to appeal."

Expressing no remorse and railing against the Judge and the criminal justice system, when he has had two trials, an appeal overturned, sentencing postponed, numerous delays given to the defense to present proper legal steps for a third trial, Littlefield statement was all about feeling sorry for himself. He showed no emotion or remorse. His statement sounded more like a rant from someone who throws a temper tantrum because he was finally held accountable.

Deputy District Attorney Andrew Isaac response to Littlefield's statement was brief but summed up how a few people in court felt, who have been following this case for years.

"The only disgrace here is Mr. Littlefield's behavior."

Ms. Bian read three letters. One from the victim's mother, one from Jane Doe and one from the grandmother.

"I chose not to allow the negativity of Timothy Littlefield Jr to consume my life," wrote the victim's mother, Littlefield's ex wife. She said her eight year old was forced to endure sexual abuse, physical violence and emotional abuse from Littlefield. "My girl finally had the courage to face the monster who stole her innocence. He put her in a cage of fear."

According to Littlefield's ex wife, Jane Doe was told by Littlefield that he would burn her grandparents, "mutilate her mother" and harm her little brother. She called Littlefield a "violent narcissistic predator who society deserves to be protected from."

"Please give her back a piece of herself she lost by putting him behind bars. Please do not allow him to hurt another child."

"Timothy Littlefield forced a little girl to perform sex acts and kept her in a cage of fear." She said her daughter has difficulty sleeping alone and still wakes up in a sweat. She lamented that her daughter cannot be in a healthy relationship because of what Littlefield did to her.

"Before you came into my life, I had innocence and a mother who wouldn't flinch," wrote Jane Doe. "You kept me quiet by threatening to burn the house down and hurt people I love."

"I still remember you screaming"; "I still remember the time you hurt mom's neck and she couldn't even stand up" wrote Jane Doe.

After yet another continuance in this case, the victim's maternal grandfather passed away. The grandparents had to sell the house and move to an undisclosed location due to threats by Littlefield, the grandmother wrote in her statement.

Apr 1, 2016

Judge Feeney denies Timothy Littlefield Jr's motion for a new trial; once again defense delays sentencing

This morning at 8:30 a.m. after reading both the People's response to the defense's supplemental motion for a new trial and the defense's response to the People, and hearing oral arguments from both Littlefield's attorney, Mr. Russ Clanton and Deputy District Attorney Andrew Isaac, Judge Feeney said his final decision was the same as his tentative decision. The motion for a new trial (this would have been the third trial) was denied.

"It appears to me that remand by Court of Appeal was intended to address the initial motion for a new trial which was based on alleged juror misconduct. The People assert that the defense is procedurally barred from filing a  supplemental motion for a new trial based on this new evidence. However, the court did consider the new evidence and basis for a new trial " said Judge Feeney.

Judge Feeney continued to say that the "new evidence" was based on a 1996 forensic science journal article, which "could have been discovered and presented" at the last trial. "Jurors concluded Jane Doe was credible" and that their decision was not based on biological evidence and therefore "a different result would not be probable in a new trial."

Mr. Clanton spent a lot of time addressing the same arguments from last time except for a defensive remark to the tentative decision, saying "diligence does not mean omnipotent." Mr. Clanton also claimed that the defense expert witness Dr. Julie Hanig did not know of this study.

Mr. Isaac in his arguments read an affadavit from Dr. Hanig that she had sent the study to Mr. Clanton, a study Mr. Clanton claimed she did not know about. Mr. Isaac said that Dr. Hanig "analyzes evidence, she is not an expert in collection of evidence."

My favorite quote from this morning came next, from Mr. Isaac. "Dr. Hanig is Amy Rojas, she is not Kay Belschner.

Then those in the courtroom got to hear about sperm, semen and DNA transfer since that is the subject matter of this 1996 article.

"Machine washing does not carry enough DNA to identify type," said Mr. Isaac. "In this case, DNA was enough to type."

 The fact that random DNA was transferred right where semen was deposited..."

This was Mr. Isaac's response to Mr. Clanton's claim of only two to three spermatozoa being found on Jane Doe's pajamas.

 He also said that Dr. Hanig, had testified at least 5 times in court that DNA survives the washing process.

After a couple of rounds of Isaac v Clanton, Mr. Clanton was given the final argument since Judge Feeney said it was the defense motion. If this was WWF, Mr. Isaac was the clear victor with law and evidence.

When Judge Feeney asked Mr. Clanton, "Are we ready to proceed with sentencing?",  Mr. Clanton said, "No, we are not. I want to appeal and discuss this with Mr. Littlefield and his family."

Mr. Isaac said, "People would like to proceed with sentencing."

Mr. Clanton said he was requesting a short time, a week. Sentencing is now set for April 6 at 4 p.m.

Mr. Allan Dollison, is a local attorney, who has commented and predicted outcomes several times on this particular case, accurately. Mr. Dollison spoke with me after court, and said  this a complex answer, "it is technical."

"The defense can only appeal once Littlefield is sentenced. What Mr. Clanton can do is file a writ of mandate. The Court of Appeals would deny that very quickly," said Mr. Dollison.

Mr. Clanton "technically" incorrectly tried to appeal a 995 ruling in the Kailan Meserve case, when he should have filed a writ of mandate. He never corrected that error. That case is currently in the process of jury selection for a jury trial.

Littlefield Jr, dressed in an orange jumpsuit, with his hair pulled back, sat in court stone-faced shaking a leg. His father was in court as well as two young women and a young man who were there at the last hearing. No other media was in court.

Mar 11, 2016

"I am not leaning on any case law that Mr. Clanton is unfamiliar with"; Timothy Littlefield's lawyer says he is not obligated to follow Court of Appeals suggestion for a new trial

The defense filed a supplemental document to their 2014 original motion for a new trial in the Timothy Littlefield, Jr. alleged molestation case on March 9, 2016. A hearing on the motion for the new trial was scheduled for 8:30 a.m. in Courtroom 1 which was then rescheduled for 3:30 this afternoon.

The People did not file an opposition but Deputy District Attorney Andrew Isaac, who was present for the People, was prepared to present oral arguments.

Mr. Russ Clanton, who represents Littlefield, Jr. objected and asked for a continuance and written response from the People and then for him to have time to file a response to that document. He said he needed time to prepare on any case law that the People may cite.

Mr. Issac said that the "Court is aware of the People's position and the victim's position on a continuance." He added, that he was going to use the California Evidence Benchbook and cited Section 34.9.; "I am not leaning on any case law that Mr. Clanton is unfamiliar with."

Mr. Isaac told Judge John Feeney that the "supplemental for motion for new trial was filed" on March 9. Today is March 11, when Littlefield was to be sentenced unless there was a motion for new trial.

That ruling of juror misconduct was overturned by the Court of Appeals unless any new evidence was provided.

At previous court hearings, Littlefield Jr's family has been present, maybe two or three people. Today, Mr. Clanton took great pleasure in pointing out "None of the family or the alleged victim are in court today." Victim Witness Advocate Marybeth Bian and a representative from the North Coast Rape Crisis have been attending the court hearings.

"The Court's recollection is that when the original motion for a new trial was filed on April 30, 2014, there was no opposition filed at that time. I am not faulting Mr. Isaac who was not prosecuting the case at that time."

Former District Attorney Paul Gallegos was handling the case, he was criticized by the Court of Appeals in their ruling as basically, a prosecutor not knowing the law.

"How long has the court been hearing from the defense about a motion for a new trial based on juror misconduct?" asked Mr. Isaac. "Now, the defense says I have no evidence of juror misconduct; I have a new theory."

Mr. Clanton rebutted that he "did not have to follow what the Court of Appeals suuggested."

Mr. Issac told Judge Feeney that Mr. Clanton had cited a 1996 study about DNA and semen transfer and he did not include the date in his documents, "not from 2014, not 2015; it's from the last century. This is not newly discovered evidence. The last time similar studies were quoted in California courts was 2005.  People have (already)  argued all cases from 2005 and 2007 about DNA transfer. "

Littlefield, Jr, with his hair pulled back in a bun, in an orange jumpsuit stood silently, next to Mr. Clanton. His father Timothy Littlefield, Sr. was in court and today there were 6 other family members or friends in court.

End result: the hearing on the motion for new trial will be at 8:30 on April 1. The People have to file their written response to the supplemental document by March 18 and if the defense wants to file a response, that has to be in by March 29.

Feb 17, 2016

Remittitur issued in the Timothy Littlefield case today


This link will give you more details.

Today, a remittitur was issued in the Timothy Littlefield case by the California First District Apellate Court.

From uslegal.com:

Remittitur is a term with different meanings. In the context of a jury verdict, it refers to a judge's order reducing a judgment awarded by a jury when it exceeds the amount asked for by the plaintiff.

In the context of appellate procedure, it refers to an appellate court sending a case back to the trial court so that the case can be retried, or so that trial court can enter an order that conforms to the findings of the appellate court. Remittitur is a process by which jurisdiction is transferred back from the appellate court to the trial court. Remittitur divests the appellate court of the jurisdiction after it has resolved the appeal, and permits full jurisdiction over the judgment to be returned to the trial court.

Feb 3, 2016

"This case involves multiple acts of molestation of a child who was 8 years old at the time, the victim is now a teenager and has been waiting a long time for finality", Cook and Associates to investigate Timothy Littlefield case

Timothy Littlefield dressed in an orange jumpsuit stood silently by his lawyer, Mr. Russ Clanton, and as his hearing today concluded, he shook Mr. Clanton's hand before he was taken back into custody.

The defense filed a motion to continue his sentencing which was set for February 5. That date was vacated after Judge Joyce Hinrich's granted the defense motion to continue.

Mr. Clanton mostly referred to his written pleadings and said since the last court hearing, he has been in trial and there have been issues with investigators and he just got back some material from one investigator last week and he wanted some more time. Chris Cook of Cook and Associates has agreed to take on the case and he had to file a motion for funding.

Deputy District Attorney Stacey Eads said the People opposed the motion. It has been two and a half years since Littlefield had been sentenced so the defense claiming inadequate time is not a good cause.

"This case involves multiple acts of molestation of a child who was 8 years old at the time, the victim is now a teenager and has been waiting a long time for finality," said Ms. Eads.

Jury misconduct is the sole issue before sentencing, the defense has not provided additional relevant evidence, said Ms. Eads.

Judge Joyce Hinrichs said that she was trying to balance the rights of the victim and Littlefield and that it was not any delay caused by Littlefield, so she granted the request for the defense continuance.

Timothy Littlefield will now be sentenced on March 11, 2015 unless the defense provides more evidence regarding jury misconduct and a third trial date will be set.

Timothy Littlefield cuffed and taken unto custody, no bail, says I love you to his father twice

The January 7 date is vacated. Next date Feb 5. Timothy Littlefield cannot post bail. His previous bail bond is exonerated.

Timothy Littlefield Jr dressed in khakis and an olive green sweater came to court with his father, Timothy Littlefield, Sr and two other supporters.

Citing the recent decision by the Apellate Court, the length of prison sentence he faces and "the substansial risk of absconding," Timothy Littlefield was ordered remanded into custody as requested by the Humboldt County District Attorney's office.

I was present for both the morning and afternoon hearings today during which prosecution and defense presented their arguments. In the afternoon, the People presented elaborated on reasons for remand. The victim contacted the DA's office requesting that she would feel safer if Littlefield was in custody. Mr. Clanton repeated his arguments from the morning.

After the guilty verdict in the second trial, Littlefield faces upto 155 plus years to life unless a motion for a third trial is granted or additional evidence is provided by the defense regarding the second trial.

As the bailiff slapped cuffs on him in court, Littlefield bowed his head down. He turned to his father and said, "I love you." As he was being led away out of the courtroom, he also said, "I love you again" to his father and supporters.

The next court date is February 5, 2016 at 8:30 a.m.to decide motion for a new trial and for defense to provide supplemental evidence.

Dec 18, 2015

People request bench warrant for Timothy Littlefield, defense counsel tries unsuccessfully to change Judge Feeney's mind

Bennett vs Clanton, after three rounds of defensive and passionate advocacy by Mr. Russ Clanton, who represents Timothy Littlefield, Jr.; questioning and effort by Judge John Feeney to accomodate rescheduling; the People represented by Deputy District Attorney prevailed.

Littlefield was not in court because he posted bail and signed a 977 form, which is a waiver of personal appearance for certain court hearings.

Addressing the Court of Appeals ruling and custodial status was scheduled this morning at 8:30 a.m. The hearing proceeded and the matter is continued to December 22 at 4 p.m. I just found out at 10:30 a.m. that now the hearing has been changed to 4 p.m. today, which was one of the options given to defense. Initially, Mr. Clanton said that would be impossible to achieve today.

Littlefield has been ordered to personally appear in court for the hearing today by Judge Feeney.

For now, Timothy Littlefield remains a free man. That could change today.

Judge Feeney asked that the issue of custodial status be addressed first.

From a May 2014 article in the North Coast journal:

"Timothy Floyd Littlefield was facing eight life sentences in state prison without the possibility of parole stemming from convictions on 11 child molestation charges when he stood before Humboldt County Superior Court Judge John Feeney last week at a sentencing hearing. Instead of sentencing Littlefield to serve 188 years to life, as he said was his intent, Feeney declared a mistrial in the case, finding juror misconduct"

This morning in court, DDA Bennett said that the Court of Appeals reversed the Court's decision of a mistrial. "The defendant is in the same position he was when he was convicted," she said. "He was convicted without the option for bail."

The People requested that Littlefield be remanded unless a motion was given for a new trial. DDA Bennett said that Littlefield had been convicted of 11 counts of sexual misconduct against a child and facing 150 years to life and that due to public safety concerns and possibility of flight risk, a bench warrant be issued.

Mr. Clanton was very upset and emotional in his responses. snapping at the prosecutor twice this morning. "We are invited to provide more evidence" of juror misconduct. "He's out on bail. He has made every court appearance. He has never failed to appear."

Ms. Bennett said that it has been the People's position that Littlefield be in custody. Mr. Clanton responded, "There is no practical reason, this is predatory."

Judge Feeney asked Mr. Clanton if he intended to present additional evidence. Mr. Clanton told Judge Feeney there is additional evidence. "It exists. I have met with the investigators and Mr. Littlefield. I have 45 days to present that evidence to the Court. We have no intention of dragging this matter. We would like to get this to conclusion."

Ms. Bennett said that most of the time when Littlefield appeared in court, he was in custody. Ms. Bennett cited Penal Code 1166.

From http://www.leginfo.ca.gov:

1166.  If a general verdict is rendered against the defendant, or a
special verdict is given, he or she must be remanded, if in custody,
or if on bail he or she shall be committed to the proper officer of
the county to await the judgment of the court upon the verdict,
unless, upon considering the protection of the public, the
seriousness of the offense charged and proven, the previous criminal
record of the defendant, the probability of the defendant failing to
appear for the judgment of the court upon the verdict, and public
safety, the court concludes the evidence supports its decision to
allow the defendant to remain out on bail. When committed, his or her
bail is exonerated, or if money is deposited instead of bail it must
be refunded to the defendant or to the person or persons found by
the court to have deposited said money on behalf of said defendant.

Mr. Clanton disagreed and said that Littlefield had made other court appearances when he was out of custody. He added that there had been no additional offenses committed by Littlefield while he has been out of custody. He also told the Court that Timothy Littlefield is living in Redding.

No other media was in court. There is a disposition and reset hearing currently set for January 7, 2016 if there will be a third trial.

Dec 18, 2015

Dec 17, 2015

Review of appellate hearing and custody status scheduled in Timothy Littlefield's case for tomorrow

Tomorrow morning at 8:30 a.m. in Courtroom 1, the Humboldt County District Attorney's office has a hearing scheduled to review the appellate hearing and custody status in the Timothy Littlefield case.
The parties will appear before Judge John Feeney.

A disposition and reset hearing, if there is a third trial is currently set for January 7, 2016 at 2 p.m. in Courtroom 5.

Dec 15, 2015

Appellate court reverses Littlefield mistrial decision by Judge Feeney

I have been following this regularly.

DA's Press Release (as of 4:53 p.m.]

Today the First Appellate District of the State of California, Division One, reversed the Humboldt County Superior Court ruling in People v Timothy Littlefield which granted the defendant a new trial. In 2013 a jury found the defendant guilty of all charges related to his sexual misconduct with a child under 10 years of age.
The defense filed a motion for a new trial based on a declaration by a juror that addressed his mental processes during jury deliberations. The trial court conducted a hearing during which the juror recanted the declaration, stating he had not personally written it nor read it carefully before signing it. Nevertheless, the trial court granted the motion for a new trial.
The appellate court reversed the trial court and found the juror’s declaration irrelevant in assessing the validity of the verdict. The appellate court further stated: “…we think the appropriate remedy is not to affirm the order setting aside the verdict based solely on irrelevant evidence and speculation about what defendant could have proved, but to remand for further proceedings to determine whether relevant and admissible evidence of jury misconduct actually exists.”

Verdict in Bullock case?

Both attorneys are here, DA Investigators are here. Judge Feeney is speaking with them in chambers.

Stay tuned.

False alarm. The jury request video from the church, not sure whether day time or night surveillance video.

Back at 1:30.

Apr 5, 2016

Another failure of AB 109 puts community at risk; another brilliant move from Moonbeam's prison reduction strategy


For the full article and photo, go to the above link.


Redding police say they arrested a man whom bystanders caught burglarizing a vehicle in the downtown and who then pulled out a stolen gun before fleeing Monday evening. 

Excerpt 2:

Police found him in Library Park and he had a .45-caliber handgun, which officers determined was stolen, Berry said. 
Officers also learned he was on AB 109 supervision, Berry said. 
He was taken to the Shasta County Jail and faces charges of burglary, felon in possession of a firearm, carrying a loaded firearm, possession of a stolen firearm and brandishing a firearm, Berry said. 

No decision in Bullock jury leaves for the day

Back tomorrow at 8:30. The jury had one question or request today. They deliberated non-stop, taking time off only for lunch and one afternoon break.

What Fr. Eric's response to a verdict would be

Fr. Eric died in faith. If he could comment on the verdict, whatever that will be, he would express it through his favorite hymn.

Take, Lord, receive all my liberty, 
My memory, understanding, my entire will. 

Give me only Your love and Your grace, that's enough for me.
Your love and Your grace, are enough for me.
Take, Lord, receive all I have and possess. 
You have given all to me, now I return it. 

Take, Lord, receive, all is Yours now. 
Dispose of it, wholly according to Your will

"Fr. Freed is not waiting for revenge or retribution; he is waiting for justice. Whether there is justice for Fr. Freed is up to you."

"Both sides have been dreading this  day," said Deputy District Attorney Andrew Isaac in his final statement to the jury in the Gary Lee Bullock trial. He mentioned that a lot of people behind the scenes had put in work on this case, he thanked DA Investigators Martin Perrone and John Burke.

Mr Isaac expressed similar sentiments echoed by Mr. Kaleb Cockrum minutes before in his closing, that the case had been with them for over two years and now it was time to turn it over to the jury.

"Families have been waiting, there are people in the room have been waiting, who believe that Fr. Freed is waiting," said Mr. Isaac. "Fr. Freed is not waiting for revenge or retribution; he is waiting for justice. Whether there is justice for Fr. Freed is up to you."

That is what the jury heard before the bailiff was sworn in. Minutes later they were escorted to the jury deliberation room.

Until the gag order is lifted, I cannot tell the jury, Judge John Feeney, the attorneys and the court staff what I feel. I hope I get that chance when this trial has concluded.

Regardless of the verdict in Phase 1; regardless whether this goes to Phase 2 or not; as a St. Bernard's parishioner, as someone close to Fr. Eric, seeing him every day, as someone who has covered more homicide trials in the last two years then I would care to; I am very grateful to all involved in this case, directly or indirectly.

I would like to thank EPD, the DA's office and law enforcement agencies that worked tirelessly and non-stop on the crime scene following the discovery of Fr. Eric's body so we could have our church back.

I would like to thank all the attorneys and investigators who worked on this case, including some who are no longer with the DA's office but have other careers.

I would like to thank Judge Feeney, Mr. Isaac, Ms. Eads, Mr. Perrone, Mr. Burke, Marybeth Bian, the bailiffs, the court staff for the exceptional job and hard work they have put in to this case.

I would like to thank DA Maggie Fleming, more than words can express.

I would like to thank Mr. Kaleb Cockrum for providing Gary Bullock with a good and vigorous defense. Bullock could not have asked for a better lawyer. Mr. Cockrum went to bat for his client and still presented his case with sensitivity and grace.

I don't think anyone understands the emotional and physical toll this takes on those involved, especially the attorneys and the Judge. I have been with them every step of the way.

I have prayed for all of these people, even Bullock and his family. Keep both sides in mind when the verdict is in because the healing has not even begun and it will take a long time.

For me, I chose to remember Fr. Eric how he was when I last saw him and spoke to him. Those five, uninterrupted minutes I was so lucky to have.

Fr. Eric would tell us often, "how do you measure faith?" And then he would strike a pose of someone with folded hands, looking pious and we laughed.  That is not the measure of faith, he would say.  "Faith can be measured by your capacity for joy."

"When you go out there, I want you to show the joy you feel. I want people to wonder why are those Catholics so happy? "

I think Fr. Eric would be very proud of his family, his friends and his parishioners in the way we have handled and conducted ourselves.

I thank God for Fr. Eric, my faith and all of you.

Bullock case goes to jury for deliberation

Clerks and attorneys are checking jury room to make sure only admitted exhibits are in the deliberation room. After mid morning break, the bailiff will escort the jury and they will begin deliberations.

Jury just left for lunch. They will be back to deliberate this afternoon.

Apr 4, 2016

Four suspects in the Jesus Garcia homicide held to answer on charges, case to proceed to jury trial

The four suspects in the Jesus Garcia homicide were held to answer all charges and special allegations today by Judge Hinrichs.

The preliminary hearing lasted all of last week and concluded today.

 Arraignment on information for the jury trial is on  April 18 at 2pm in Courtroom 5.

Assemblyman Jim Wood updates Forest Practice Act to allow restoration of oak woodlands

Today, Assemblyman Jim Wood’s bill AB 1958, which would update the Forest Practice Act to allow for restoration of California’s oak woodlands, passed through the Assembly Natural Resources Committee with unanimous support. 

Assemblyman Wood said, “I am pleased that this measure has received such great support.  Oak woodlands provide natural fuel breaks and essential habitat for wildlife and livestock, however current laws are preventing landowners from protecting oaks that are threatened by encroaching conifers.” 

Conifers grow large and quickly outcompete mature oak trees, eventually killing them. Currently land owners are required to replant conifers even after restoration projects, effectively making it impossible to protect oak woodlands from conifer encroachment.  AB 1958 would eliminate that requirement and provide restoration exemptions, allowing land owners to permanently remove and sell the conifers in order to make conservation, protection and maintenance of oak woodlands easier and more affordable.

“Removing conifers without damaging the oaks is expensive, but very important work.  AB 1958 creates a resource to help land owners who want to reclaim their woodlands,” said Wood.

AB 1958 will be heard next in Assembly Appropriations Committee.

Defense closing asserts that Bullock killed Fr, Freed in hot, explosive anger."

"The obligation for me is to provide Gary Bullock a defense," is how Mr. Kaleb Cockrum, Bullock's attorney opened his closing argument. "I have done that. The other obligation I have is to ask you to consider both sides."

 "Mr. Bullock in a hot explosive anger killed Fr. Freed," claimed Mr. Cockrum. He said that the "DA and I have very different theories."

The defense claims that "the weakest portion of the People's case is first degree murder and premeditation."

"I will admit that  mental impairment is more relevant than voluntary intoxication. He told Swithenbank that he did meth and heroin but there was no testing done; no drugs were found."


Mr. Isaac concluded his closing and will give his rebuttal tomorrow, after Mr. Cockrum, completes his closing argument.